Firefly-RK3399 六核64位高性能开源平台 立即购买 产品规格书

作为Firefly新一代的顶级开源平台,Firefly-RK3399采用了六核64位“服务器级”处理器Rockchip RK3399,拥有2GB/4GB DDR3和16G/32GB eMMC, 并新增DP 1.2、PCIe 2.1 M.2、Type-C、USB3.0 HOST等高性能数据传输和显示接口。Firefly-RK3399强大的性能配置将给VR、全景拍摄、视觉识别、服务器、3D等前沿技术带来里程碑的变革。

LCD 使用

更新时间:2017-12-14 阅读:5009

简介

Firefly-RK3399开发板外置了两个LCD屏接口,一个是EDP,一个是MIPI,接口对应板子上的位置如下图:
MIPI DSI PIC.JPG

Config配置

以Android7.1为例,Android6.0可以参考Android6.0LCD使用


Firefly-RK3399默认的配置文件kernel/arch/arm64/configs/firefly_defconfig已经把LCD相关的配置设置好了,如果自己做了修改,请注意把以下配置加上:

CONFIG_LCD_MIPI=y
CONFIG_MIPI_DSI=y
CONFIG_RK32_MIPI_DSI=y

DTS配置

引脚配置

EDP屏

Firefly-RK3399的SDK有EDP DSI的DTS文件:kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-edp.dts,从该文件中我们可以看到以下语句:

   / {
	model = "Firefly-RK3399 Board edp (Android)";
	compatible = "rockchip,android", "rockchip,rk3399-firefly-edp", "rockchip,rk3399";

	edp_panel: edp-panel {
		compatible = "lg,lp079qx1-sp0v";
		bus-format = <MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB666_1X18>;

		backlight = <&backlight>;

		ports {
			panel_in_edp: endpoint {
				remote-endpoint = <&edp_out_panel>;
			};
		};

		power_ctr: power_ctr {
              rockchip,debug = <0>;
              lcd_en: lcd-en {
                      gpios = <&gpio1 1 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
					   pinctrl-names = "default";
					   pinctrl-0 = <&lcd_panel_enable>;
                      rockchip,delay = <20>;
              };
              lcd_rst: lcd-rst {
                      gpios = <&gpio4 29 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
					   pinctrl-names = "default";
					   pinctrl-0 = <&lcd_panel_reset>;
                      rockchip,delay = <20>;
               };
       };
	};

	test-power {
		status = "okay";
	};
};

...

   &pinctrl {
       lcd-panel {
               lcd_panel_reset: lcd-panel-reset {
                       rockchip,pins = <4 29 RK_FUNC_GPIO &pcfg_pull_up>;
               };
               lcd_panel_enable: lcd-panel-enable {
                       rockchip,pins = <1 1 RK_FUNC_GPIO &pcfg_pull_up>;
               };
       };
    };

这里定义了LCD的电源控制引脚:

lcd_en:(GPIO1_A1)GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH

lcd_en:(GPIO4_D5)GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH

都是高电平有效,具体的引脚配置请参考《GPIO》一节。

MIPI屏

Firefly-RK3399的SDK有MIPI DSI的DTS文件:kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-mipi.dts,从该文件中我们可以看到以下语句:

     /  {
    model = "Firefly-RK3399 Board mipi (Android)";
    compatible = "rockchip,android", "rockchip,rk3399-firefly-mipi", "rockchip,rk3399";

    test-power {
           status = "okay";
        };
};

&mipi_dsi {
        status = "okay";
        dsi_panel: panel {
                compatible ="simple-panel-dsi";
                reg = <0>;
                backlight = <&backlight>;
                dsi,flags = <(MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO | MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO_BURST /*| MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO_SYNC_PULSE*/)>;
                dsi,format = <MIPI_DSI_FMT_RGB888>;
                bus-format = <MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB666_1X18>;
                dsi,lanes = <4>;
...
                power_ctr: power_ctr {
               rockchip,debug = <1>;
               lcd_en: lcd-en {
                       gpios = <&gpio1 1 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
                                           pinctrl-names = "default";
                                           pinctrl-0 = <&lcd_panel_enable>;
                       rockchip,delay = <10>;
               };
               lcd_rst: lcd-rst {
                       gpios = <&gpio4 29 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
                                           pinctrl-names = "default";
                                           pinctrl-0 = <&lcd_panel_reset>;
                       rockchip,delay = <6>;
               };
                };

...

   &pinctrl {
       lcd-panel {
               lcd_panel_reset: lcd-panel-reset {
                       rockchip,pins = <4 29 RK_FUNC_GPIO &pcfg_pull_up>;
               };
               lcd_panel_enable: lcd-panel-enable {
                       rockchip,pins = <1 1 RK_FUNC_GPIO &pcfg_pull_up>;
               };
       };
    };

这里定义了LCD的电源控制引脚:

lcd_en:(GPIO1_A1)GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH

lcd_en:(GPIO4_D5)GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH

都是高电平有效。

配置背光

在DTS文件:kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-core.dtsi中配置了背光信息,如下:

/ {
    compatible = "rockchip,rk3399-firefly-core", "rockchip,rk3399";

    backlight: backlight {
        status = "disabled";
        compatible = "pwm-backlight";
        pwms = <&pwm0 0 25000 0>;
        brightness-levels = <
              0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
              8   9  10  11  12  13  14  15
             16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23
             24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31
             32  33  34  35  36  37  38  39
             40  41  42  43  44  45  46  47   
             48  49  50  51  52  53  54  55
             56  57  58  59  60  61  62  63  
             64  65  66  67  68  69  70  71  
             72  73  74  75  76  77  78  79  
             80  81  82  83  84  85  86  87  
             88  89  90  91  92  93  94  95
             96  97  98  99 100 101 102 103  
            104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111  
            112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119  
            120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127  
            128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135
            136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 
            144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 
            152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 
            160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 
            168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175                                                                                                                              
            176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 
            184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 
            192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 
            200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 
            208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 
            216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 
            224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231
            232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239  
            240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247  
            248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255>;
        default-brightness-level = <200>;
    };

pwms属性:配置PWM,范例里面默认使用pwm0,25000ns是周期(40 KHz)。EDP屏可直接使用该DTS文件,而MIPI屏使用的pwm输出是pwm1。在kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-mipi.dts中可以看到以下语句:

&backlight{
       status = "okay";
       pwms = <&pwm1 0 25000 0>;
}

因此使用时需修改DTS文件。

brightness-levels属性:配置背光亮度数组,最大值为255,配置暗区和亮区,并把亮区数组做255的比例调节。比如范例中暗区是255-221,亮区是220-0。
default-brightness-level属性:开机时默认背光亮度,范围为0-255。
具体请参考kernel中的说明文档:kernel/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/leds/backlight/pwm-backlight.txt

配置显示时序

EDP屏

  • Kernel

把 Timing 写在 panel-simple.c 中, 直接以短字符串匹配
在drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c文件中有以下语句:

static const struct drm_display_mode lg_lp079qx1_sp0v_mode = {
	.clock = 200000,
	.hdisplay = 1536,
	.hsync_start = 1536 + 12,
	.hsync_end = 1536 + 12 + 16,
	.htotal = 1536 + 12 + 16 + 48,
	.vdisplay = 2048,
	.vsync_start = 2048 + 8,
	.vsync_end = 2048 + 8 + 4,
	.vtotal = 2048 + 8 + 4 + 8,
	.vrefresh = 60,
	.flags = DRM_MODE_FLAG_NVSYNC | DRM_MODE_FLAG_NHSYNC,
};

static const struct panel_desc lg_lp097qx1_spa1 = {
	.modes = &lg_lp097qx1_spa1_mode,
	.num_modes = 1,
	.size = {
		.width = 320,
		.height = 187,
	},
};

... ...

   static const struct of_device_id platform_of_match[] = {
	{
		.compatible = "simple-panel",
		.data = NULL,
	},{
......
	}, {
		.compatible = "lg,lp079qx1-sp0v",
		.data = &lg_lp079qx1_sp0v,
	}, {
......
	}, {
		/* sentinel */
	}
 };

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, platform_of_match); 时序的参数在结构体lg_lp079qx1_sp0v_mode中配置。

  • U-boot

把 Timing 写在 rockchip_panel.c 中, 直接以短字符串匹配
在drivers/video/rockchip_panel.c文件中有以下语句:

static const struct drm_display_mode lg_lp079qx1_sp0v_mode = {
	.clock = 200000,
	.hdisplay = 1536,
	.hsync_start = 1536 + 12,
	.hsync_end = 1536 + 12 + 16,
	.htotal = 1536 + 12 + 16 + 48,
	.vdisplay = 2048,
	.vsync_start = 2048 + 8,
	.vsync_end = 2048 + 8 + 4,
	.vtotal = 2048 + 8 + 4 + 8,
	.vrefresh = 60,
	.flags = DRM_MODE_FLAG_NVSYNC | DRM_MODE_FLAG_NHSYNC,
};
static const struct rockchip_panel g_panel[] = {
	{
		.compatible = "lg,lp079qx1-sp0v",
		.mode = &lg_lp079qx1_sp0v_mode,
	}, {
		.compatible = "auo,b125han03",
		.mode = &auo_b125han03_mode,
	},
};

时序的参数在结构体lg_lp079qx1_sp0v_mode中配置。

MIPI屏

与EDP屏不同,MIPI屏的 Timing 写在DTS文件中,在kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-mipi.dts中可以看到以下语句:

disp_timings: display-timings {
    native-mode = <&timing0>;
    timing0: timing0 {
         clock-frequency = <80000000>;
         hactive = <768>;
         vactive = <1024>;
         hsync-len = <20>;   //20, 50
         hback-porch = <130>; //50, 56
         hfront-porch = <150>;//50, 30
         vsync-len = <40>;
         vback-porch = <130>;
         vfront-porch = <136>;
         hsync-active = <0>;
         vsync-active = <0>;
         de-active = <0>;
         pixelclk-active = <0>;
           };
    }
}
  • Kernel

kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c中可以看到在初始化函数panel_simple_probe中初始化了获取时序的函数。

static int panel_simple_probe(struct device *dev, const struct panel_desc *desc){
···
 panel->base.funcs = &panel_simple_funcs;
···
}

该函数的在kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c中也有定义:

static int panel_simple_get_timings(struct drm_panel *panel,unsigned int num_timings,struct display_timing *timings)
{
    struct panel_simple *p = to_panel_simple(panel); 
    unsigned int i;
    if (!p->desc)  
        return 0;
        
    if (p->desc->num_timings < num_timings)  
        num_timings = p->desc->num_timings;
        
    if (timings)  
        for (i = 0; i < num_timings; i++)   
        timings[i] = p->desc->timings[i];
    return p->desc->num_timings;
}

时序属性参考下图:
MIPI DSI.png

Init Code

MIPI屏

mipi屏上完电后需要发送初始化指令才能使之工作。

  • Dts

可以在kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-mipi.dts中可以看到mipi的初始化指令列表:

&mipi_dsi {    
            status = "okay";
        
        ```
            panel-init-sequence = [                
                05 20 01 29                
                05 96 01 11            
            ];            
            
            panel-exit-sequence = [                
                05 05 01 28                
                05 78 01 10            
            ];
        ```
        };

命令格式以及说明可参考以下附件:

Rockchip DRM Panel Porting Guide.pdf


  • kernel

发送指令可以看到在kernel/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c文件中的操作:

    static int panel_simple_enable(struct drm_panel *panel)
{
    struct panel_simple *p = to_panel_simple(panel);
    int err;
    if (p->enabled)
        return 0;
    DBG("enter\n");
    if (p->on_cmds) {
        err = panel_simple_dsi_send_cmds(p, p->on_cmds);
        if (err)
            dev_err(p->dev, "failed to send on cmds\n");
    }
    if (p->desc && p->desc->delay.enable) {
        DBG("p->desc->delay.enable=%d\n", p->desc->delay.enable);
        msleep(p->desc->delay.enable);
    }
    if (p->backlight) {
        DBG("open backlight\n");
        p->backlight->props.power = FB_BLANK_UNBLANK;
        backlight_update_status(p->backlight);
    }
    p->enabled = true;
    return 0;
}
  • U-boot

发送指令可以看到在u-boot/drivers/video/rockchip-dw-mipi-dsi.c文件中的操作:

static int rockchip_dw_mipi_dsi_enable(struct display_state *state)
{
    struct connector_state *conn_state = &state->conn_state;
    struct crtc_state *crtc_state = &state->crtc_state;
    const struct rockchip_connector *connector = conn_state->connector;
    const struct dw_mipi_dsi_plat_data *pdata = connector->data;
    struct dw_mipi_dsi *dsi = conn_state->private;
    u32 val;
    DBG("enter\n");
    dw_mipi_dsi_set_mode(dsi, DW_MIPI_DSI_VID_MODE);
    dsi_write(dsi, DSI_MODE_CFG, ENABLE_CMD_MODE);
    dw_mipi_dsi_set_mode(dsi, DW_MIPI_DSI_VID_MODE);
    if (!pdata->has_vop_sel)
        return 0;
    if (pdata->grf_switch_reg) {
        if (crtc_state->crtc_id)
            val = pdata->dsi0_en_bit | (pdata->dsi0_en_bit << 16);
        else
            val = pdata->dsi0_en_bit << 16;
        writel(val, RKIO_GRF_PHYS + pdata->grf_switch_reg);
    }
    debug("vop %s output to dsi0\n", (crtc_state->crtc_id) ? "LIT" : "BIG");
    //rockchip_dw_mipi_dsi_read_allregs(dsi);
    return 0;
}